In the Middle Ages, castles were erected as protective buildings against invaders atop a hill or beside the river. They also served as a residence and a fortification for the Royals. The Normans are said to have built the first castles in the globe in the motte and bailey design. Castles have since been resurrected and rebuilt. Some castles have fallen over time, while others remain magnificently on a hilltop, a sight for sore eyes.
Edinburgh Castle is one of Europe’s oldest defensive structures. It has a long and colorful history as a royal home, military garrison, jail, and fortress, and it is full with interesting stories. When you climb Castle Hill, you will be following in the footsteps of warriors, monarchs and queens, and even a few pirates. The castle is today a world-famous visitor attraction, despite the fact that sections of it are still used for military purposes. It is also an iconic part of the World Heritage Site of Edinburgh’s Old and New Towns.
Himeji-jo is the greatest surviving example of early 17th-century Japanese castle architecture, consisting of 83 structures with highly developed defense systems and clever protective mechanisms dating from the Shogun period. It is a woodworking masterpiece that combines utility and aesthetic appeal, both in its beautiful look, which is united by the white plastered earthen walls, and in the delicacy of the connections between the building masses and the many roof levels.
Buda Castle is by far one of the most well-known structures in the world. It was the castle and royal residence of the Hungarian Kings who used to control the entire city of Budapest, standing tall and strong in the city of Budapest. First Built in the wonderful year of 1265, this sumptuous and imperial castle is one of the most famous palaces, ranking with Buckingham Palace and other notable castles.
The Spis Castle dominates the eastern horizon in Spiské Podhradie. Spis Castle, a National Cultural Monument, is one of Central Europe’s biggest castle compounds, covering more than four acres and largely in ruins. In 1993, Spis Castle was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The medieval fortress atop a travertine hill was built around the beginning of the 12th century. The castle was first mentioned in writing around 1120. It began as a boundary fort on the northern border of an early feudal Old Hungarian kingdom. After then, it served as the seat of the Spis region’s ruler for several centuries.
The Hohensalzburg Fortress sits atop the Festungsberg, well above the Baroque historical district’s roofs. This Salzburg icon provides a 360-degree perspective of the city and its environs and is the largest totally restored castle in Central Europe.
Windsor Castle is the world’s oldest and biggest inhabited castle. It is open to the public year round. It was founded in the 11th century by William the Conqueror and has since housed 39 kings. The Queen now spends the majority of her private weekends at the Castle.
Prince Boivoj of the Premyslid Dynasty (Pemyslovci) most likely constructed Prague Castle around 880. With an area of over 70,000 m2, Prague Castle is the world’s biggest cohesive castle complex, according to the Guinness Book of World Records. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site that comprises of a large-scale composition of palaces and ecclesiastical structures in a variety of architectural styles, ranging from the ruins of Romanesque-style buildings from the 10th century to Gothic alterations from the 14th century.
Mehrangarh Fort is a hundred feet tall on a vertical cliff, four hundred feet above Jodhpur’s skyline. Imposing, indestructible, and yet with a peculiar haunting beauty that calls, burnished red sand stone. Much has been written about the Citadel of the Sun, which is without a doubt one of the most magnificent structures in Rajasthan. Its dimensions are so massive that Rudyard Kipling referred to it as “the creation of giants.” It is currently regarded as one of India’s best maintained forts.
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